How does Technology affect Art Industry?

Art influences people’s lives; it changes people. Technology, on the other hand, plays a huge role in human lives ever since it developed. Now, here comes the question: Can technology and art influence each other as they develop? Interestingly, modern art is remarkably affected by technology.

Oil paint, Panel painting

John Lasseter, a former chief creative officer of Walt Disney Animation Studios claimed “The art challenges the technology, and the technology inspires the art.” Like what he said, nowadays the art industry is so much different from what it was back then when technology was not a big thing. Since the digital revolution, people’s interest in art arose as applied science allowed people to share the information of the places exhibiting a beautiful piece of artwork all over the world. With the usage of social media such as Instagram, Facebook, Twitter…etc, the rate at which people visited museum and art exhibitions increased exponentially.

Digital art gradually became popular ever since electronic components developed, taking over the place of traditional arts. According to the article “How Has Technology Changed Art?”, traditional art needs cement and paints whereas digital art requires “imaging software and applications.” In contrast to having to buy all the art materials to draw a piece of art, the materials needed for digital art are simple to get, since all the supplies comes from applied science. The growth of technology gave many artists and art lovers the opportunity to show their talent easily, thus helping the art industry to reach its potential. It is easy to exhibit what one draw these days since electronics enables artists to post their artwork online. It allows people to have communication between art lovers and the artist. It can be used in many ways, as its software provides artists with different skills, letting them show more creativity.

Digital Painting

Technology permits digital artists to make money. Digital artists not only can create and perform their art by utilizing technology but can also earn money for their work. People around the world utilize social media to share their favorite piece to people while allowing certain pieces of art to gain many views, thus increasing the value of that art piece. The artist can sell that art piece of theirs, to earn money. Digital artist can earn money through customizing art for the individuals. Social networking allows art lovers to have access to digital artists, enabling them to request artists for a specific composition. Digital artists design what the customer wants, and gets paid for their work. Through the progression of social media, it became easier for many artists to continue the work without having to worry about their incomes.

Many things are allowed when technology gets involved. It helps people to be paid, to gain popularity, and to share with people who live all across the ocean. As much as art influenced technology, technology affected the art along with its whole industry.

https://www.cnn.com/style/article/how-the-internet-changed-art-steven-murphy/index.html

https://www.heraldweekly.com/how-has-technology-changed-art/

http://ezinearticles.com/?How-Has-Technology-Changed-Art?&id=9592167

 

How Blockchain will Innovate the Food Industry

I believe that blockchain, a group of decentralized ledgers that represents an entirely new suite of technologies, will revolutionize certain industries. Before getting into how blockchain may innovate certain industries, the audience needs to understand how blockchain works. In short, blockchain has a distributed database that can verify records of transactions directly without the presence of an intermediary. The data is also accessible by every party and no single party controls the data. Due to its convenience, supply for reliable data, and many more reasons, industries will innovate through the usage of the blockchain.

One main field, for example, is in the area of food industry. Blockchain will build trust in the food industry which is a key to both success and failure depending on how well the company manages with it. Blockchain can build trust, because of its unfiltered record of information that can be accessed by anyone. By having a medium like this that will provide reliable evidence is key to the food industry because of food industry’s endemic nature: matter of safety. Food industry especially requires trust and honesty between the company and the consumers since food is a product that people continuously consume in their daily lives.People accordingly pay extra attention to the information provided by the company. 

For example, people search for organic products, natural stuff that did not add pesticides, and more. While the company does provide general information, we never know if the meat or the fruit we buy is truly organic. We have no tools to verify. This, however, can all be identified with the presence of blockchain. Blockchain provides a reliable record that stores all the data in a decentralized network, which means that anyone has access to it. Due to the transparency and authenticity of the information on food products, customers can not only be relieved but also create a bond of trust between the company and the consumers. 

This will further lead to innovate the industries because blockchain will potentially hold the key to success. Since the cost of networking and verification diminishes, more companies will start utilizing blockchain. If the consumers start to rely on verification that blockchain provides, the key for the industries would be to wisely utilize this tool.

Links to interesting articles

https://www.zdnet.com/article/walmart-implements-ibms-blockchain-for-food-traceability/

Innovation in the Movie Industry

http://www.towerfast.com/press-room/the-7-best-virtual-reality-movies-of-2017so-far

Movie-theater technology has significantly developed since its beginning days of soundless black and white movies in prestigious movie theaters. Now, digital enterntainment has reached our homes and has become an essential part of our everyday routine. The average American watches 2.8 hours of television per day. 3-D movies aim to allow viewers to interact with the film, but many viewers argue that 3-D movie theater technology is a publicity stunt that does not add quality to the movie watching experience. How does the movie industry use innovative technology to create modern films now that 2-D and 3-D movies have lost their novelty?

New technologies could revolutionize the way we think of a movie watching experiences allowing the audience to interact with the film in ways that 3D movies and 2D movies would not allow. “Choose your own adventure” movies, for example, would allow viewers to create the storyline of their own movie. Viewers would be able to vote on choices that lead to different potential outcomes. These types of movies would also allow a single movie to be interesting to a variety of audiences and motivate viewers to watch the movie multiple times to view different potential outcomes.

Virtual reality movies are also starting to become more popular and allow audiences to be completely immersed in the film and be able to choose what they will focus on during their movie experience. Currently, virtual reality is mostly being used for the gaming industry, but producers are exploring the opportunities in virtual reality films. Since virtual reality allows viewers to decide what to focus on within the frame, directors would have to change their conception of a storyline and create movies that replicate experiences rather than a concrete stories. There are no guidelines set for virtual reality movies yet, so producers are encouraged to experiment with their virtual reality films to create a new genra of film entertainment.

https://www.cnbc.com/2018/07/17/netflix-small-portion-of-overall-watch-time-and-competition-is-stiff.html

https://blog.ozobot.com/2018/01/04/how-technology-continues-to-revolutionize-the-film-industry/

https://www.screenafrica.com/2017/12/15/film/business/the-rise-of-virtual-reality-in-the-film-industry/

The Future of Next Gen Stats and the NFL

In the Digital Marketing class at Miss Porter’s School, we watched a video on YouTube called “The Future of Next Gen Stats | NFL NEXT”.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXs6G9YBo3c

The video talks about how Next Gen Stats is incorporating innovation and technology into football in order to improve performance of professional athletes. They believe they are the beginning of endless possibilities for the combination of technology and football.

Next Gen Stats has partnered with the NFL, Zebra Technologies, and Wilson Sporting Goods to implement small devices into everyday gear. The video shows how radio-frequency identification (RFID) tracking devices are placed into the shoulder pads that an athlete wears. These trackers are paired with about 20-30 sensors that line the top of a given football stadium.

An example of data that Next Gen Stats can provide

Together, this technology allows data analysts to measure things like speed, height off of the ground, and distance from the nearest defender. In addition, micro-circuitry is being integrated into the footballs to give feedback to quarterbacks on things such as spiral quality and throwing velocity.

This data is not exclusive:

“Raw data is provided to all 32 clubs, giving each team the flexibility to develop custom analytics and proprietary statistics.”

Next Gen Stats makes their technology available to all of the NFL teams, so they can all have an equal and fair opportunity to use it to their advantage.

This technology is not only helping the athlete’s experience, but the experience of the viewer as well. Providing these statistics to viewers during a production can help fans understand the speeds of their favorite players compared to others, how intense a match-up between a defensive back and a wide receiver will be, and how improbable a catch is. Additionally, Xbox and Microsoft have partnered with Next Gen Stats to incorporate their data into video games, making a more realistic and entertaining experience for a gamer.

Microsoft and Next Gen Stats

In conclusion, Next Gen Stats is completely changing the football experience through their innovative concepts and new technology. The goal of this partnership between NGS and the NFL is to “continue to balance innovation with tradition”, which they are accomplishing.

Is Technology Bringing Us Closer or Driving Us Apart?

Whether good or bad, modern technology has developed quite a reputation for itself. Many people argue that it may be the downfall of genuine human connection, while others claim that it could be the thing that unites us. Personally, I know I have found myself in both of these camps from time to time, but I can never commit to one or the other. The New York Times and The Bottom Line represent both ends of the spectrum, so let’s investigate each source’s side of the debate.

First off, Mark Oppenheimer from The New York Times claims that technology is only bringing people closer as it progresses. Oppenheimer sites research from a study conducted by urban theorist Keith Hampton, which found that “altogether, [tech users] were much more successful at addressing local problems, like speeding cars and a small spate of burglaries.” The article also suggests that we have created an “idealized notion of what community and social interactions were like,” romanticizing an inaccurate portrayal of past society. Additionally, the issue has been blown out of proportion over time. In fact, on the steps of the Met, only 3% of adults on average were found to be on their cell phones, and those who fell into that 3% were usually alone. This article seems to argue that distance caused by technology is a myth, or, at worst, a non-issue.

However, The Bottom Line tells another story. Author Melissa Niles finds herself feeling disconnected from her friends and family because people believe that technology is a substitute for face to face interaction, but “ten texts can’t even begin to equal an hour spent chatting with a friend over lunch.” It’s true; connection seems to happen over social media rather than in person, whether this occurs out of actual physical convenience or just laziness. This mentality has proven time and time again to be harmful, causing people to feel empty and unappreciated. In a Cornell study Niles cites, it was found that “despite the current ability to connect with vast amounts of people via the Internet, a person can still only truly maintain a friendship with a maximum of 100 to 200 real friends in their social network.” It can be hard to distinguish real relationships in a sea of various followers, leaving tech users feeling even more estranged than before.

So, what does all of this information actually say? Obviously, the debate is up to interpretation. Both sides have data-driven points, but the emotional aspect is heavier on the latter side. Though not mentioned here, the former argument is usually paired with the notion that modern technology allows for instant connection to anyone anywhere in the world. In my opinion, technology is a blessing and a curse. Sure, it can bring groups of people together and make connections across the world, but it can also chip away at real-world friendships. However, it is important to keep in mind that technology is a vessel, not an absolute. Someone may choose to use tech to connect with others, but they may also choose to use it to distance themselves from the rest of the world. All in all, it is the hand of the user that determines which way the pendulum swings.

Sources

https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/19/magazine/technology-is-not-driving-us-apart-after-all.html?ref=magazine&_r=0

https://thebottomline.as.ucsb.edu/2012/01/technology-is-destroying-the-quality-of-human-interaction

CHINA Technology: Growth and Impact

“China’s technology has been steadily rising in the past decade and is on the path to global dominance.”

Rose Tornandeso, www. nexthub.com

Ambitious and eager; China is on the road to becoming the top-ranked innovation nation globally by 2020-2035.

There is no doubt that China is already ahead of the entire world in technology and innovation

Floating Solar Power Plant

Floating solar power plant located in Huainan, China

Located in Huainan, the floating solar power plant can provide a sufficient amount of power for a town. In general, China is deeply invested in wind, hydro, and solar power. Furthermore, China is constantly dealing with poor pollution levels. According to bloomerg.com, “[an] independent research group Berkeley Earth estimated it contributed to 1.6 million deaths per year in the country”. Solar power plants can significantly improve the environment as it can reduce water pollution and improve public health, etc. Therefore, it more than beneficial to implicate solar power plants around China as it is a sustainable way to move to clean energy production.

Alipay and WeChat Pay

Consumers in China are thriving without a wallet filled with cash. The rise of mobile payment in China has significantly impacted China both socially and economically.

Specifically, Alipay and WeChat Pay are the dominant forms of mobile payment in China. Upon payment, consumers simply need to scan a QR code to proceed to mobile payment. Wether you are eating out at a restaurant or taking a cab, Alipay and WeChat pay is practically everywhere.

Customers can buy traditional Chinese calligraphy brushes at this Xi’an, China, store using QR payment codes. From left to right: WeChat Pay, Alipay and the QR code for the store’s WeChat account.
Consumers can buy calligraphy brushes by scanning a QR code

Though the US has not completely jumped on the bandwagon yet, mobile payment is trying to expand globally. According to nextstephub.com, Alipay is already trying to expand to the US; making a deal with more than 4 million US merchants who are interested in this service.

A dessert store worker scans a mobile QR payment code in Beijing, China, while the blue sign below promotes the store’s use of Alipay.
A consumer paying at a dessert store through Alipay

Waste-to-Energy Plant

Covered with photovoltaic panels on the exterior, the waste-to-energy plant located in Shenzhen, China will be in operation by 2020. Obtaining the most advanced technology; it is estimated that the waste-to-energy plant will successfully destroy 5,000 tons of trash every day.

The sleek and modern structure is the world’s largest waste-to-energy plant in the world. This project is significant and beneficial to the environment as Shenzhen produces 15,000 tonnes of waste a day (https://www.archdaily.com/909843/worlds-largest-waste-to-energy-plant-set-to-open-next-year-in-shenzhen).

Shenzhen East Waste-to-Energy Plant. Image Courtesy of Schmidt Hammer Lassen and Gottlieb Paludan
Waste-to-Energy Plant located in Shenzhen, China

Open to the public, visitors are welcome to enter the park and view the plant from the entrance lobby. The waste-to-energy plant is not only a benefit for the environment; however, it is also a wonderful source of education for the public.

“China technology’s rise to fame in the tech industry can do wonders for both startups and consumers.”

Rose Tornadeso

It is significant that China is a victorious powerhouse; successfully dominating the world of technology, entrepreneurship, and innovation. As China is beginning to integrate their successful startups and notable products to the foreign world, there is no doubt that competition will rise. However, healthy competition will enable creativity, communication, and relationships.

One will continue to be intrigued and curious as to what China will bring next to the table. A space drone? An AI scientist? Personalities for robots? Internet for everyone?

Sources

  • https://www.archdaily.com/909843/worlds-largest-waste-to-energy-plant-set-to-open-next-year-in-shenzhen
  • https://www.nextstephub.com/china-technology-global-impact/
  • https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2018-china-pollution/
  • https://enlab.berkeley.edu/globalizing-solar-protecting-solar/
  • https://www.cnbc.com/2017/10/08/china-is-living-the-future-of-mobile-pay-right-now.html

How Simulators are Changing Drivers Education

Car accidents are the number one cause of death for teens with more than 4,000 teenage casualties each year in the United States alone. Studies have shown that drivers error was the main cause of the accidents. Why is this? “Most schools around the country aren’t teaching any driving education, but the ones that do are teaching it based on a several-decades-old model,” states Paula Vasan, a writer at The Verge. Teenagers are getting inadequate and unthorough education when it comes to driving, prompting them to not know how to react in high-pressure situations.   

This problem is exemplified by 17-year-old, Joshua Brown, who, in July of 2003, died after hitting a tree while driving on a rain-slickened highway at 40 miles per hour. Joshua’s father, Alan Brown, declared, “Practically nothing was offered to help train Joshua deal with these kinds of driving conditions.” After the death of his son, Mr. Brown lobbied for the creation of Joshua’s Law in the state of Georgia which increases traffic violation penalties by 5%, with the 5% going towards funding for innovative driver’s education for high schools in Georgia. This innovative education included new technology such as driving simulators which allow students to learn how to control themselves in multiple different situations. These simulators have had a radical effect on students driver’s education.

16-year-old student Cody Inglis who was able to experience simulator education first hand said that they made him, “…familiar with having traffic on the road,” and much more aware, particularly of “…where [his] car is relative to the road.” When commenting on the driving habits of his friends, who haven’t had the benefit of simulator training, Inglis declared, “It’s ridiculous,” drivers are “…all over the place . . . not aware of traffic and street signs.” Another graduate of simulator learning is Luke Pye, who at 18 years of age, was driving on the highway with his girlfriend when a van swerved in front of him. Pye was successfully able to maneuver his car to safety and he and his girlfriend only sustained minor bruises. Pye credits the positive end to a possibly disastrous situation to his simulator driver’s ed.

“Driving on the simulator at my high school taught me to keep calm and think clearly in stressful situations,” he says. “I believe simulation and the modern driving education that I had at my high school helped to save my life.”

Luke Pye from the article
Everyone should learn to drive in a simulator by The Verge

The article, Everyone should learn to drive in a simulator, from The Verge states, “Driving simulators replicate actual driving experiences through all types of scenarios that include vehicle handling, scanning, and hazard detection, parallel parking, and hydroplaning.” The simulation technology mimic more than 300 separate scenarios for new drivers to practice enabling them to learn how to handle themselves in any given situation. The report, Evidence of Driving Simulator Training Benefits by Pierro Hirsch, a leader of the company Virage Simulation, declared that simulator training advantages include an improvement in training quality, increase in students knowledge, and the creation of a learning environment that is versatile and easily controllable.

“One study found…drivers who received simulator training had 22% fewer crashes compared to a control group who only practiced with real cars.”

Evidence of Driving Simulator Training Benefits by Pierro Hirsch, a leader of the company Virage Simulation

It is evident that simulation technology is the new standard for driver’s education as it has a major effect on students, increasing both their knowledge on driving and their confidence in their driving ability.

https://www.theverge.com/2014/12/9/7327953/drivers-education-20-simulators

http://viragesimulation.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/2015-Hirsch-Evidence-of-Driving-Simulator-Training-Benefits.pdf https://www.caranddriver.com/features/a15129040/redesigning-driver-education-for-teenagers/

Robots in Schools?

As technological field advances, new innovative methods are incorporated into schools around the world.

New technological advances are made everyday and are incorporated into our daily lives. But recent advances have put new technology into school around the world. One example are the robot “teachers” in Finnish schools.

The language-teaching machine is comprised of a humanoid robot and an application. This software allows the robot to understand and speak 23 languages, understand students’ requirements, and encourage learning. This innovative methods of teaching as garnered lots of attention for its success.

Learning has taken on a new level in technology. This robot is able to adjust to students’ skill levels and collect info about problems they might be encountering. These new methods have allowed for teachers to adjust their teaching methods.

Teachers believe that these robots provide a more interactive learning experience for pupils. They also allow a judgement free learning zone for kids, especially those who are scared to speak up.

“I think in the new curriculum the main idea is to get the kids involved and get them motivated and make them active. I see Elias as one of the tools to get different kinds of practice and different kinds of activities into the classroom,” – Riika Kolunsarka

https://nypost.com/2018/03/27/finland-schools-are-testing-out-robot-teachers/

More technology is developing in specific school areas, such as math. A new innovative way enables students to practice their mathematical skills. OVObot is a small, blue machine around 10 inches (25 cm) high and resembles an owl, was developed by Finnish AI Robots.

However, right now, these robots are unable to maintain discipline in school pupils, so teacher jobs are safe. For now.

Though these robot presences have been in schools for a while now, more modern technologies like 3-D printing and cloud services are taking a lead. Robots need to be more developed in order to take a more permanent place in schools. These opportunities have allowed smaller start-ups and entrepreneurs to enter the field.

Some entrepreneurs are already successful in the field. Their innovative technology has entered schools and businesses. Max Lobovsky founded Formlabs, a company working towards 3D printing machines. Nico Vansnick, Carlos Ospina and Mike Knox founded BOT Factory, creating 3D printing machines. All of these new ideas have helped create new technology for advancing learning.

So what are you waiting for? Be an entrepreneur and you could be the next creator of the revolutionary technology in schools.

Read more : https://www.reuters.com/article/us-finland-school-robots/techno-teachers-finnish-school-trials-robot-educators-idUSKBN1H31XT

How has art adapted to changes in technology

Art reflects the human experience in an emotionally provocative way through aesthetics. How does art change when the human experience changes? In the past 20 years, humans relationship with technology has become closer and closer creating constant connection between people that never existed before. In a world where people have immediate access to an infinite, ever growing archive of art and information, how do artists take advantage of the new creative opportunities offered through technology to reflect the current human experience in their creative creations?

Through new connection between artificial intelligence and machines with humans, new types of art have emerged to reflect the new importance of digital connection in life. New technology allows artists to create a connection between their art and the viewers that could never be achieved before. Art installations, for example, allow artists to use entire spaces to showcase their art and allow visitors to interact with their installments. Video artist Chris Milk’s installation “treachery of the sanctuary,” for example, allows visitors to travel through his creative process by looking at themselves as birds:“The installation is a giant triptych, and gallery visitors can stand in front of each of the screens…you see how you’d look with a majestic set of giant wings that flap as you move.” Chris Milk’s installment reflects the constant connection between humans and technology by allowing the audience to be a part of his show. This new form of digital interactive art revolutionized the world of art by breaking the boundaries of two dimensional expression. Take a look at the different links below to explore how different artists use advances in technology to showcase their art:

Sources: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/7-ways-technology-is-changing-how-art-is-made-180952472/#DoBlWCcXGTbrP0zq.99

How does AI affect Education and the Workforce?

Elizabeth Song

Can AI really replace us?
Credit : gcn.com

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a recent technological discovery, surrounding the idea of machine intelligence. Already, AI is powering new technology around the world. But with this new rise of technology, AI has been impacting the one of the important ways of society, education and jobs.

Recent worries are prominent about this new technology effecting the workplace. Innovative designs may allow robots and programs to be able to take over several different positions. Furthermore, these “workers” do not require pay or school education, making it a more favorable choice.

Elon Musk and Stephen Hawkings have all voiced opinions on their fears on an AI-run workplace. Statistics may worrying the world by mentioning the loss of jobs due to AI.

Statistics surrounding jobs that may be replaced by AI robots
Credit: ZDNet

However, recent studies show that though this technology may effect the workplace, it will not influence it dramatically. AI relies on humans as much as humans rely on this technology. Though AI does learn, humans are needed to teach machines as well.

In relation, there were worries that ATMs would replace bank tellers. However, this was highly untrue! Innovating the banks to include ATMs actually lowered the cost of operating a bank, opened more job opportunities, and led to better customer service.

Similarly, AI would operate in the same way! The technology would innovate the workplace, allowing the company to save money and hire more workers.

Furthermore, the jobs that AI are most likely to replace are those that require human connection, involving problem-solving, critical thinking, communication, and creativity. For jobs including these such “soft skills”, AI will not impact as much.

Another question to ponder about is: how does AI affect education? As technology slowly incorporates itself into school policies and daily classes, how can this discovery lead us to change in schools?

As mentioned before, AI targets jobs involving “soft skills”. As the ever-changing job market expands, school education will focus on jobs that involve problem-solving and critical thinking rather than adding and subtracting. Kids will become more well-rounded students, developing skills that they will need, whatever career they choose after school.

As AI makes more progress, students will also be focused more on the STEM subjects in school. Training the next generation of students for the workforce will be another challenge, but one that can be easily fixed through more scientific, technological, engineering, and mathematical focuses.


“K-12 education should prioritize teaching critical thinking, problem solving, and teamwork across subject areas. Teaching students to become analytical thinkers, problem solvers, and good team members will allow them to remain competitive in the job market even as the nature of work changes.”

Elizabeth Mann Levesque, brookings.edu

AI won’t be so bad for entrepreneurs either. New startups focusing on how AI and educations can be created that can grow into huge companies. Look at IBM Watson, famous for its deep thinking and learning skills. Like these companies that have made significant discoveries, new business ideas will bloom.

So can we assume that AI isn’t so bad for the world after all?

Sources